Orton-Gillingham Training

Learning Disabilities At a Glance

About half of all children with ADHD have at least one additional, co-existing condition. This compounds an individual’s cognitive, psychological, and social impairment. When a co-existing condition is found alongside ADHD, special consideration and a unique treatment plan is warranted. Below are some of the conditions associated with ADHD:

Reading Disabilities: (Suggestive Symptoms)


  • Difficulty associating or recognizing sounds that go with letters
  • Difficulty separating the sounds within words
  • Difficulty sounding out words
  • Delayed speech development
  • Trouble rhyming
  • Problems understanding and using words and grammar
  • Poor spelling or reverses letters
  • Short attention span
  • Difficulty following directions
  • Trouble distinguishing letters, numerals or sounds


Written Language Disabilities: (Suggestive Symptoms)


  • Handwriting is slow and/or illegible
  • Inconsistent spacing, or running out of space on the paper; irregularly sized letters
  • Speaking the words out loud while writing
  • Omitted words in sentences
  • Difficulty with grammar and syntax structure
  • Avoidance of writing tasks
  • Difficulty organizing thoughts when writing them down


Language/Auditory Processing Disorders: (Suggestive Symptoms)


  • Difficulty following spoken directions
  • Difficulty following multi-step directions
  • Difficulty expressing self verbally; recalling words or translating thoughts into words
  • Poor working memory
  • Extreme difficulty focusing or paying attention in noisy environments
  • May hear, and thus speak, imprecisely (saying “dat” instead of “that”; running words together)
  • Difficulty following and participating in conversations
  • Poor reading comprehension
  • Poor written output